ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND DEFINITIONS

AI  Activity index; used in pest risk mapping. See Box 1 in chapter 2 for more detailed information.
BMZ German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
CCAFS   CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security
CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
CIP   International Potato Center
CRP   CGIAR Research Program
DR Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dt  Doubling time; the time it would take a population to double, given there are no changes in age-specific mortality or fertility rates
EI  Establishment index; used to describe the potential establishment of a biocontrol agent (e.g., parasitoid) in an agro-ecosystems of environment
EPPO  European Plant Protection Organisation
ERI Establishment risk index; used in pest risk mapping. See Box 1 in chapter 2 for more detailed information.
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
GI   Generation index; used in pest risk mapping. See Box 1 in chapter 2 for more detailed information.
GIS  Geographic Information System
GRR Gross reproduction rate; the total lifetime production of female offspring by an individual (or group) female insect
icipe International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology
IITA   International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
ILCYM   Insect Life Cycle Modeling (software)
IPM    Integrated pest management
IPPC   International Plant Protection Convention
ISPMS   International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures
λ Finite rate of increase (Lambda); a measure of the rate of growth of a population
NARO National Agricultural Research Organization
NARS National Agriculture Research Systems
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NPPO National Plant Protection Organization
PhopGV Phthorimaea operculella granulovirus
PRA Pest Risk Analysis
rm   Intrinsic rate of increase; a measure of the rate of growth of a population. This assumes the population is in stable age distribution. It is equal to the natural log (In) of the finite rate of increase
Ro   Net reproduction rate; the average number of offspring an individual female will produce in her lifetime. Unlike the GRR, Ro depends on age-specific mortality rates
.RTB   CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers and Bananas
SSA   Sub-Saharan Africa
Generation time; the average age at which a female gives birth to her offspring. This is equivalent to the time it takes for a population to increase by a factor equal to the net reproductive rate.
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